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Thursday, 21 November 2013 07:32

African Infrastructure: India Offers Cost Effective Cutting Edge

Indo-African Business January-March, 2013

Dr. Suresh Kumar

Introduction
Average growth rates among Sub-Saharan economies are projected to be higher over the next two years, compared with 2011, supported by sizeable government infrastructure investment. Robust private and public consumption underpin this strength, as many countries use macroeconomic policies to speed up the recovery from the crisis-induced slowdown. ‘However, the Maghreb economies reliant on Europe as a source of tourism, remittances, and FDI flow. The current volatile economic environment in EU thus poses significant policy challenges for this region’ (Background Note, 2012: 52). The economic arrangement of the region is closely linked to global developments, primarily through the impact of global economic activity on oil prices and demand of select commodities. The effect of economic melt down is felt in most of the African countries that are related to global financial markets (e.g. South Africa and other), oil exporting countries (Algeria, Angola, Libya, and Nigeria), manufacturing products (Morocco, Tunisia) and commodity exporting countries (Botswana). The market policies in Africa should focus to mitigate the impact of the global slowdown on economic activity and poverty, while continuing to strengthen the foundations for sustained growth (Background Note, 2012: 54).

India and Africa being a part of South-South world is in the process of close collaboration in areas of technology, trade and investments. The bilateral trade of India and Africa increased from US$ 25 billion (2006-07) to US$ 53.3 billion (2010-11) that shows the special relationship between them. The post forum summit 2011 and declaration of Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India about USD 05 (five) billion as assistance to Africa have deepened the relations from bilateral to regional one. The regional linkages through associations such as  AMU, COMESA, EAC, ECOWAS, ECCAS, IGAD, SACU, SADC and AU are serious about their region’s infrastructure requirement in construction, healthcare/Pharmaceutical, Small & Medium Enterprise (SMEs) tourism and others that will facilitate with employment opportunities, raised additional source of income and revenue. Most of the African states are working with inadequate infrastructure facilities and are looking towards the developing countries like India to build partnership. The infrastructure sector deals with different varieties of sub-sectors as per the need includes cement, construction, iron & steel, real estate, general machinery, machine tools, technology,  turnkey projects, drilling equipment, earthmoving equipment, minerals, hotels, resorts, shopping malls, food courts, amusement parks, automobiles (bus, cars, trucks), bicycles, auto parts and ancillaries (Table-1), railway construction and rehabilitation, construction and rehabilitation of power stations to develop rural electrification, energy transmission and distribution, rehabilitation of existing facilities and addition of new infrastructure to supply potable water, sewage drainage and treatment, building hospitals and set up the health system, manufacturing of pharmaceutical products, diagnostic & Medical services and Diagnostic centre, constructing Pharmaceutical industries, mineral water and other liquid food hygiene, cement production, paper and technical maintenance, building radio and T.V. stations and digitalization of the terrestrial television transmission network. Dr. Manmohan Singh about the progress of India’s infrastructure finance stated during the India Economic Forum November 2012, “We need to develop long-term debt markets and deepen corporate bond markets. This, in turn, calls for strong insurance and pension sub-sectors” (Issues for parliamentarians, 2012:5). These are critical to attract private capital flows to fulfill infrastructure plans.

Table-1 Infrastructure Project Summary


Sector

Sub Sector

No. of Projects

Total Value (US $ Million)

Country

Infrastructure

Cement, Construction, Iron & Steel, Real Estate

49

8739.37

Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Gambia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Zimbabwe

Manufacturing

General Machinery, Machine tools, Technology, Turnkey Projects, etc

18

243.11

Republic of Congo, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Togo, Zimbabwe

Mining

Drilling Equipment, Earthmoving Equipment, Minerals, etc

9

320.2

Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, D R Congo, Nigeria, Zamia, Zimbabwe

Tourism

Hotels, Resorts, Shopping Malls, Food Courts, Amusement Parks

62

252

Burundi, Cape Verde, Mozambique

Trade

Commodity Import and Export

4

113.1

Liberia, Namibia, Nigeria, Sudan

Transport

Automobiles (Bus, Cars, Trucks), Bicycles, Auto Parts and Ancillaries

6

111.15

Republic of Congo, Namibia, Sudan, Zimbabwe

Miscellaneous

Security, Management, Printing, Commercial Representation, etc

1

40

Cameroon

Source: Project Opportunities, March 2012. CII, Export-Import Bank of India, Ministry of Commerce, Government of India: 3-5.

‘The proposed policy would need to establish and implement dedicated rail freight corridors, national expressways, last-mile roads/rail, multi-modal logistics parks, road maintenance, technology adoption, skills development and equipment and service standards. Creating more power and infrastructure in absence of people’s participation would not help. Rather than restrict the role of people in Indian democracy to voting once in five years, people ought to have a direct and continuing say in the decision-making’ (Issues for parliamentarians, 2012:5). India supports and convinces the African partner on the same infrastructure finance policies mentioned above and pursues to implement it as per the requirement. How the question of India acting as ‘New Colonialism’ in Africa is one-sided thought sponsored by Euro-Dollar philanthropists.  The post 1990 with the collapse of Berlin wall, there is a need to move the policy approach from one of being about reforms for the formal sector and entitlements for the poor to one of reforms for all in India on the one side and the country’s adopted the economic reforms as pursuance by World Trade Organisation (WTO) on the other side. One may opine that-

  • Is the WTO policy that encourages India to act as ‘New Colonial power’ in Africa?
  • Do the Euro and dollar market are on the verge of collapse that policy-maker of WTO are supporting India to act as New Colonizer?

The answer to these thoughts is that India has witnessed high growth in the last decade and half due to external factor and changed the pattern from India’s economic development (known as Bombay Plan of 1944-45) since first five year plan (1951) to WTO market economy of 1990s. The Indian industrialist, entrepreneurs and political economist on Africa have witnessed intensive and extensive discussions and debate on India-Africa partnership (eight India-Africa Conclaves and two Forum Summits since 2004).
The infrastructure requirement in Africa connects the SMEs of India by “introduce the credit rating system followed in India, for SMEs in Africa to improve the access to credit, set up a virtual business portal to manage India-Africa cooperation, to help promote matchmaking between Indian and African SMEs and organize an India-Africa Skills Development mission. The Human Capital interaction helping African governments create robust eco-systems that promote entrepreneurship and job opportunities by leveraging Indian expertise in this field and providing African governments key lessons from India’s experience in engaging the Diaspora for development initiatives. This conclave is expected to be another milestone in the India-Africa cooperation drive. Strengthening India-Africa partnerships will give impetus to South-South cooperation and a fillip to the states goals of G20-meaning, the engagement is of interest not just to the Indian and African audience, but to the world at large as well” (Background Note, 2012: 10).

Infrastructure Opportunities and India’s Line of Credit (LoC)
India has offered 5 billion US dollars for the next three years under lines of credit to help Africa achieve its development goals during the Forum Summit 2011. India has announced an additional 700 million US dollars to establish new institutions and training programmes in consultation with the African Union and its institutions. The list of Line of credit as on January 2012 has been allotted to different African countries as mentioned in Table-2. Exim Bank of India acts as catalyst in enhancing the bilateral trade and investment relations in Africa. The LoC are working with the objective of Focus Africa programme of the Government of India and are extended especially to priority sector. Exim Bank of India has representative offices in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Johannesburg, South Africa, Dakar and Senegal to facilitate economic cooperation in the region. The bank’s strategy is to promote and support two-way trade and investment and perform as a partner to promote economic development in Africa. Exim Bank’s vision has evolved from financing, facilitating and promoting trade and investment, to a conscious and systematic effort at creating export capabilities in Africa.

Table-2 Line of credit in the Infrastructure Programme as on January 2012


S. No.

Name of the LOC recipient

Amount of Credit (in US$ million)

Purpose

Government of Angola

40.00

Railway rehabilitation

30.00

Industrial Park

Government of Benin

15.00

A. Railway equipment (US$ 10.25mn, B. agricultural equipment (US$4.25 mn & C. feasibility study for setting up a cyber city (US$0.50 mn

Government of Burkina Faso

25.00

Rural electrification

Government of Burundi

80.00

Kabu Hydro Electric Project

Government of Cote d’Ivoire

26.80

Renewal of uran transport system in Abidjan  & other

30.00

Transmission line between Cote d’Ivoire & Mali

Government of Kenya

61.60

Power Transmission Lines (1st tranche of US$ 102.08 mn)



Government of Mali

27.00

Rural electrification & other

30.00

Electricity transmission &  distribution project from Cote d’Ivoire & Mali

45.00

Electricity transmission &  distribution project from Cote d’Ivoire & Mali

36.00

Completion of Mali-Ivory Coast interconnection Link for integrating the national power grids of the two countries

100.00

Power transmission project connecting Bamako and Sikasso via Bougouni

Governments of Mali and Senegal

27.70

Acquisition of railway coaches and locomotives from India




Government of Mozambique

20.00

Electrification of Gaza province

25.00

To finance IT Park project which will comprise construction of building and (a) incubator facility, (b) research and learning center and (c) technology park and administrative facility

30.00

Rural electrification project in the provinces of Gaza, Zambezi and Nampula

25.00

Rural electrification of Cabo Delgado, Manica, Niassa Provinces

13.00

Solar Photo voltaic Module manufacturing Plant


Government of Niger

17.00

Buses, automobiles, flour mills and motor pumps

20.00

a) Rehabilitation of six-power stations, b) purchase of three power transformers, c) Rehabilitation as well as erection of power lines between various places in Niger

Government of Republic of Congo

70.00

Rural Electrification

Government of Rwanda

20.00

Power projects by BHEL and Angelique Intl

Government of Rwanda

60.00

Power Projects


Government of Senegal

17.87

Export of 350 buses and accessories and  85 pick-up vans

25.00

Rural electrification project (US$ 15 mn) and other

27.50

Rural electrification

Government of  Seychelles

8.00

General Purpose

Government of Sierra Leone

30.00

Rehabilitation of existing facilities and addition of new infrastructure to supply potable water





Government of Sudan

50.00

General Purpose: Contracts approved include export of electrification equipment, photovoltaic cells, diesel coaches, rehabilitation of locomotives, textile machinery, copper rods, etc.

350.00

Setting up 4x125 MW Kosti Cobined Cycle Power Plant in Sudan to be executed by BharatHeavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL)

41.90

SINGA-GEDARIF transmission and Sub-Station Project

48.00

Supply of agricultural inputs for the Sudanese Agricultural Bank (US$15 mn), technical and laboratory equipment to Higher Educational Institutions (US$15 mn), scientific equipment for Ministry of Science and Technology (US$3 mn), solar electrification (US$5 mn), and meeting requirements of Sudan Ralways (US$10 mn)

52.00

SINGA-GEDARIF Transmission line extension to Galaba, micro-industrial projects and development of livestock production and services

25.00

Elduem Sugar Project at White Nile State (ist tranche of US$150 mn)

Government of Swaziland

20.00

Information technology park

Government of Tanzania

36.56

Financing the purchase of 723 vehicles

Government of Togo

15.00

Rural Electrification Project

Government of Togo

13.10

Farming and cultivation of Rice, Maize and Sorghum in Togo

ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development (EBID)

250.00

Public Sector projects

ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development (EBID)

100.00

Financing exports of vaious equipment, goods and services

ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development (EBID)

150.00

Export of goods and services and project exports

Government of Zambia

10.00

General Purpose- Contracts approved include export of TATA buses, motor vehicles, motor cycles and supply of vocational tool kits

Government of Zambia

50.00

Itezhi-Tezhi Hydro Power project

Seychelles Marketing Board

5.00

General Purpose

West African Development bank (BOAD)

10.00

General Purpose

PTA Bank

10.00

General Purpose

PTA Bank

5.00

General Purpose

PTA Bank

10.00

General Purpose

PTA Bank

15.00

General Purpose

PTA Bank

15.00

General Purpose

PTA Bank

25.00

General Purpose

PTA Bank

30.00

General Purpose

Afreximbank

30.00

General Purpose

Indo-Zambia Bank Ltd.

5.00

General Purpose

Nigerian Exim bank

20.00

General Purpose

Other Projects             Total

4193.0


Source: Background Note, 2012: 78-85.

Infrastructure Opportunities in Different Sector
The infrastructure spending needs for Africa highlights the requirements in construction, healthcare/pharmaceutical industry, SME’s & training, agro, tele-communication, power, urban drainage system and buses, railway and air transport infrastructure. The experiences of Indian Railway (IR) taking care of more than 20 million passengers per day will be useful for the needs of African countries.  Indian companies shares their experiences in the supply of transmission line towers, laying of power transmission lines, sub-stations, rural electrifications, power distribution and industrial electrification, tele-communication, power, urban drainage system and buses, railway and air transport infrastructure, construction of a water-treatment plant, construction of an International convention center, the construction of high towers, utility buildings, cement factory, acquisition of buses, rehabilitation of Manganese mine and acquisition of equipment, soda ash plant and turnkey projects.  Indian investors are involved on the agenda of infrastructure development in Africa such as:

“Benin- Supply of railway equipments/ agricultural equipments and Cyber city project;
Congo DR- Hydroelectric project/ Setting up a cement factory, acquisition of buses, rehabilitation of Manganese mine and acquisition of equipment;
Djibouti- Supply of diesel generator sets and mini cement plant;
Gabon- Construction of housing project;
Gambia- Setting up of tractor assembly plant/ National Assembly Building Complex;
Guinea Bissau- Electricity project;
Kenya- Power Transmission Lines;
Mauritius- Supply of offshore patrol vessel;
Mozambique- Gaza electrification Project/ water drilling project/ IT park project/ Technology park and administrative facility/ research & learning centre/ rice and wheat productivity enhancing programme;
Seychelles- Export of vehicles, spare parts, automobile tyres, cables, medicine etc;
Swaziland- IT project;
Institutions:
Afrexim Bank- General Purpose
Eastern and Southern African Trade and Development Bank (PTA Bank)- cement plant, paper plant, pharmaceuticals, weaving machinery, sugar plant spares, capacitor power panel, HVAC power panel, Aux, contracts, machineries & accessories for drugs manufacturing unit and air-conditioning equipments;
Ecowas Bank of Investment and Development- Public sector projects;
Indo-Zambia Bank- General purpose;
Nigerian Exim Bank- General Purpose
Seychelles Marketing Board- supply of vehicles, spare parts, automobile tyres, cable and medicines;
West African Development Bank- General Purpose” (Background Note, 2012: 71-73)

Infrastructure Opportunity in Different Sector

  • Construction

The construction investment opportunities in Africa are tremendous that starts with the building and development of road, railway, air network, shipping routes, logistics infrastructure, warehouses, transport centers, ICDs, cold chain infrastructure, multi-story housing and other in Africa. Table-3 highlights the different construction sector activities in different African countries.

Table-3 Construction Investment Opportunities in Africa


Project Description & Contact Details

Sector &
Total Value
(US $ million)

Burundi

Privatization of SIP: national real-estate company. (Expected Results – Minimum 2000 houses/ year completion of  Commercial Zone and Special Economic Zone within 2 years)
1. NYABGETE SITE set on 19 ha:
-- 116 apartments of 2, 3 and 4 bedrooms in four buildings and 84 houses of 2, 3 and 4 bedrooms built in an area of 14 hectares
-- Primary and secondary school, health center and a shopping mall in an area of 5 hectares
2. O.U.A SITE: A project of buildings with more that 100 apartments is also possible included houses
3. Need for 2000 houses/ year on the next 5 years, but need of financial support in the long term. Funding wanted over 15 years.
Profitability in Burundi + 25% against 10% to 15% in other countries. The demand is very high. Guarantees on financing may be given by the Government and the SIP.
4. GASENYI SITE: Government office buildings-over than 15 buildings for Ministries and others Government Agencies
5. Special Economic Zone:
-- Construction of a Commercial Zone on 42 hectares: Malls, Shops and Houses
-- Construction of an Industrial Sub-Zone on 50 hectares
Location: Within 15 km from Bujumbura
Contact Details -www.burundi-investment.com

Infrastructure

Cameroon

Construction of 15 km Highway with 3 interchanges
Contact Details– www.ketch.btp.com

Infrastructure
80 US $ million

E-justice project in Cameroon
Contact Details- This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

IT
30 US $ million

1. Feasability studies on the construction of a petroleum pipeline between Yaounde
-- Douala, (US$ 3.50 Million)
2. Construction of three (03) points of rural distribution of petroleum products (US$ 0.6 Million)
3. Geographic Information System of Service Stations, Oil Depots and Consumebr points (SIGESCOD). (US$ 0.6 Million)
Contact Details- This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Infrastructure, Power & Energy
7.86 US $ million

We look for a partnership to promote constructions of social houses in our country. India is  a big country which has a big experience in this.

Infrastructure
4 US $ Million

Supply of electrical and building materials, all kinds of building construction work.

  • Installation of solar panels
  • Network distribution of electricity supply in villages

Infrastructure
1.5 US $ Million

Congo (Republic of)

Our company has got a property of 60 hectares away from the economic capital of Congo, Pointe- Noire, in the richest village of the country where oil is prospected.
We are looking for financial support to create a modern city in this county at 34.50 km of Pointe- Noire.
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Infrastructure

DJIBOUTI

Upgrade of a current cement plant- Ali Sabieh cement plant is designed to produce cement with the use of light/heavy fuel oil. We are willing to redesign the full fledged coal handling and preparation plant as a substitute for the fuel oil.
Contact Details– www.mefip.gov.dj

Infrastructure, Mining 10 US $ Million

Mozambique

Civil construction, agro-processing and projects

20 US $ Million

NAMIBIA

We are developing lands, building houses and selling it because our people are having problem with houses in Namibia
Contact Details

Infrastructure
2.07 US $ Million

NIGERIA

DONPRINCE Limited is planning to embark on a massive low cost housing initiative, that is durable and affordable in the outskirt of Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory.

Infrastructure
25.89 US $ Million

Looking for joint venture and technical partners for the establishment of factories.

Infrastructure
1 US $ Million

RWANDA

Drakkar is looking for partners to better serve its market which is mainly the Education sector in Rwanda and the region.

Education & Skill Development, Textiles

SUDAN

We are seeking investment in mining, mainly iron ore and steel production from the ore. We own iron ore deposits located 220 km north of Khartoum and 550 km from the main port of Sudan

Infrastructure

TOGO

The present project consists in the construction of a New City constituted of 5000 economic housing. These villas will be constructed on a site that is located in ZANGUERA, suburb situated to the Northwest of the city of Lome. The program is to build 1000 houses/year.

Infrastructure
330 US $ Million

Laying out the new land of Togo free zone.

Infrastructure
3.1 US $ Million

1. Project of Construction of Ten Thousand Houses in Niger (US$ 174,069,144)
2. Project of construction of Five thousand houses in Togo (US$ 124,335,103)
3. Project of Construction of Five thousand houses in Centralfrique. (US$: 245,481,600)

Infrastructure
543 US $ Million

ZIMBABWE

The city of Harare has an older generation of traffic signals which are stand alone units and hence don’t control the traffic flow in an integrated way.

Infrastructure
4.2

5 Star Hotel:
The project entails the construction of a 5 Star hotel with a capacity of 350 rooms in Bulwayo - the country’s second largest city.
Up market club:
State of the art night club for top of the range clients. So as to extend the nightlife of our tourists in Victoria Falls.

Infrastructure
40

Source: Project Opportunities, 2012. CII and EXIM Bank of India: 7-115.

  • Science & Technology and Tourism

India’s experience of developing Science and Technology (S&T) in the country as per the needs of the vast population is appreciated in the developing countries.  The S&T invokes the work in developing ICT parks, tele-communication, well-designed construction of tourism adventurous places, connecting villages to cities, incubation Centre with state of art facility, international universities and institutes like Microsoft and others. Table-4 shares the investment opportunities in this sector in detail.


Table-4 S & T and Tourism Infrastructure Investment Opportunities in Africa


Project Description & Contact Details
Science & Technology and Tourism

Sector &
Total Value
(US $ million)

Burundi

Building Tourism Infrastructure
1. Tourist Village within 10 km from Bujumbura alongside lake Tanganyika:
-- Hotels and leisure infrastructure
-- Port within cruise ships or marinas
Lodges and leisure and shopping facilities at most visited tourist sites: Karera Falls, Ruvubu and Rusizi Parks, Cohoha and Rwihinda Natural Parks, Tanganyika beaches in the Bujumbura area.
Contact Details- www.burundi-investment.com

Tourism, Infrastructure

CAPE VERDE

Meeting with professionals of the partnership for joint ventures in projects for Hotelering and Resort.
Contact Details- www.impotese.cv

Tourism

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

Science and Technology Park cu, Technological Development and Innovation Centre.
Government of Cental African Republic wishes to set up and develop a Science and Technology Park cu, Technological Development and innovation Centre at Bangui, Cental African Republic: The Salient features of the project envisaged are as under:
1) Conceptualization, Design and Planning.
2) Providing co, plete Building Infrastructure including access road;  land scaping etc.
3) Providing complete Technological infrastructure.
4) Setting up of incubation Centre with state of art facility for new aspirant entrepreneur; from where they can start their IT business without any capital investment.
5) Setting up of State of the art Training centre along with developing of Course material and its afflation with international universities and institutes like Microsoft and SISCO, Training centre provides varieties of long term and short term training courses.
6) Selection and Providing Training to Local faculties and management staffs to run the Science and Technology Park
7) Operation and hand holding for a defined period till the owner is confident of running the science and Technology park on its own.
The Government of Central African Republic wishes Indian investor participation in the above project on partnership basis.
Contact Details- This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Infrastructure
50 US $ Million

Congo (Republic of)

The cooperation project between India and the Congo is concerning the construction by India in the Congo of a quality standard control laboratory and a technology park. The project is part of the Congolese Government’s priority programme conducted by the Ministry of trade and supply a land area has already been put at the disposal of India in Pointe-Noire, our country’s economic capital, where all the amenities have already been made available. Contact is established with the India’s Consulate to the Congo. All documents relating to the project were already been forwarded to India. This project is listed in the 2012 budget of the Congolese government, in respect of cooperation between India and the Congo.
Contact Details–www.ministere-commerce.cg

Infrastructure

Hitech Telecom looks for partners within the framework of telecom equipments to offer a complete service in the construction of the turnkey site.
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Telecom
0.2 US $ Million

Mozambique

Northern ARC Tourism Project
Contact Details– www.visitmozambique.net

252 US $ Million

Crusse/Jamali
Contact Details– www.visitmozambique.net

Infrastructure/
Tourism

Inhassoro
Contact Details– www.visitmozambique.net

Infrastructure/
Tourism

Maputo Elephant Reserve
Contact Details– www.visitmozambique.net

Infrastructure/
Tourism

Maulana Science and Technology Park
Contact Details– This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

S & T Park

RWANDA

Project Name: ICT PARK

  • Development of an ICT park to support the growth of the following sectors that include but not limited to:
  • ICTs, Energy, Financial, Biotechnology and Research and Development

Contact Details- www.rdb.rw

Infrastructure
115 US $ Million

TANZANIA

Techno Brain is setting up new offices in Rwanda and Mozambique. These two offices will offer software development. IT Training and/or BPO services in the region. In order to set up these offices, techno brain has the Hardware, Office infrastructure, ISP provider and other related office supplies. Techno Brain is looking for vendors or either setting up offices and/or providing similar services to IT companies.
Contact Details- This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

IT
0.3 US $ Million

Source: Project Opportunities, 2012. CII and EXIM Bank of India: 7-115.

  • Road, Railway, Air & Ship Route & Transport Sector

The tremendous market opportunities in Africa persuade the region to develop inter and intra connectivity via road, railway, air, river and sea routes. This sector connects all the remote centers of villages to the cities that will initiate the process of sharing goods, material and culture. The connectivity will raise the demands and opportunities of investment, people to people movement and cheaper transport to cross the border countries either via road or via railway. The rehabilitation of road and railway network will connect the different zones of Africa and give a shape of Pan-Africa in real terms. Along with it, there is a need to strengthen river transport and exploitation of the river network, restoration and management of various river ports, currently in dilapidation, establishment of river transport companies, equipment with modern facilities (passenger merchandise boats), construction of storage structures with cold storage room in all principal river ports, purchase of refrigerating vessels for the passage of the big rivers and its tributaries, completion of studies and construction of port facilities, completion of rehabilitation and equipment of secondary ports and dredging of river ports. Table-4 highlights the different route and transport infrastructure investment opportunities in Africa.


Table-4 All Routes & Transport Infrastructure Investment Opportunities in Africa

Project Description & Contact Details
Road, Railway, Air & Ship Route & Transport

Sector &
Total Value
(US $ million)

Cameroon

Road maintenance
Contact Details – This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Infrastructure
10 US $ million

Road maintenance
Contact Details – This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Infrastructure
10 US $ million

Road maintenance
Contact Details – This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Infrastructure
10 US $ million

Congo (Republic of)

Our project is having the partnership with confederation of Indian Industry (i.e. we need to have partnership with industry’s companies which are in the control of confederation of Indian Industry) in the sector of facilities and transport so that we may increase or develop our activities by helping us to get more vehicles of transport and having the meeting with any specific companies wishing to trade in our country so that we may do the clearance of their goods.
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Transport
1 US $ Million

Mozambique

RSS Corridor (Nampula to Cuamba)
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Road Upgrade
201 US $ Million

RSS Corridor (Lichinga to Cuamba)
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Road Upgrade
174 US $ Million

RSS Corridor (Morupa to Montepuez)
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Road Upgrade
135 US $ Million

RSS Corridor (Lichinga macaloje to Matchedje)
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Road Upgrade
150 US $ Million

RSS Corridor (Sunate to Oasse to Mueda to Ngapa to Negomane)
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Road Upgrade
258 US $ Million

Road No: R698, N381, R1251 (Montepuez to Mueda to gapa to Negomane
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Road Upgrade
222 US $ Million

Road No: R371, R1204 (marrupa to Meculato Gomba to Negomane)
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Road Upgrade
174 US $ Million

Road No: R 762 (Pemba to Ibo)
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Road Upgrade
60 US $ Million

RWANDA

The Isaka- Kigali Railway is one part of a wider project which will link Isaka (Tanzania) to Kigali (Rwanda) and Keza (Tanzania) to Gitega and Musongati (Burundi).
Contact Details- www.rdb.rw

Infrastructure
4700 US $ Million

A project of the Government of Rwanda (GoR) to replace the existing international airport which has reached its optimum capacity and to improve trade links between Rwanda and the rest of the world.
Contact Details- www.rdb.rw

Infrastructure
635 US $ Million

A local company, Ultimate Concept Ltd (UCL) was set up in 2007 to develop and execute the project
Contact Details- www.rdb.rw

Infrastructure
300 US $ Million

TANZANIA

Railway remains the most important and second cheapest means of transport besides water transport in the country. The central railway line ahs historically served as a vital lifeline for a large population in Tanzania as well as to neighboring land locked countries of Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Upgrading and modernization of the central railway line will be important for economic growth.
Contact Details- This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Infrastructure
0.75 US $ Million

Source: Project Opportunities, 2012. CII and EXIM Bank of India: 7-115.

  • Water Management and Health Sector

The safe potable water production and its distribution is one of major concern in Africa. Government and private hospitals and clinics in Africa provide health care. The private hospitals have earned a reputation as providers of good quality health care. Major surgery facility is not available in most of the countries. Investment opportunities for establishing specialized hospitals to treat such referral cases are, therefore, unexploited. Table-5 shares the investment opportunities in these sectors.

Table-5 Water Management & Health Infrastructure Investment Opportunities in Africa


Project Description & Contact Details

Sector &
Total Value
(US $ million)

Cameroon

1. Project to build 300 systems of water supply in small rural towns.
2. Proposed construction of 20 hillside dams, multipurpose on the national territory.
3. Rehabilitation project of 5000 water points on the national territory.
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Infrastructure, Agriculture

Construction of 15 km Highway with 3 interchanges
Contact Details– www.ketch.btp.com

Infrastructure
80 US $ million

E-justice project in Cameroon
Contact Details- This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

IT
30 US $ million

1. Construction of 20 Dams
2. Construction of 300 Water points
Contact Details- This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

(US$ 1.37 Million)
(US$ 2.30 Million)

Congo (Republic of)

Project 1: Waste water recycling plant and sewage mud system in Brazzaville.
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Infrastructure, Agriculture
35 US $ Million

Our organization wishes to have representative contract with some Indian medicine manufacturers.
It also wants to import medical materials and equipment from India.
It is very important for us to meet certified Indian manufacturers working in this field. We want to begin in Congo and see how to develop it in different countries.
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Healthcare
0.2 US $ Million

Sudan

Setting up of a pharmaceutical manufacturing plant
Contact Details- This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Pharmaceuticals, Manufacturing
2 US $ Million

Zimbabwe

The Company is looking at creating profitable relationships with manufacturing companies specializing in medical and surgical products and hospital equipment. The company will be an exclusive agent supplying the partnering company’s products in Zimbabwe and eventually the SADC region
Contact Details- This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Pharmaceuticals
0.08 US$ Million

Source: Project Opportunities, 2012. CII and EXIM Bank of India: 7-115.

5. Education Sector Construction
The main objective of the sector is strengthening the higher education system through training of faculty, establishing linkage among Indian and Ethiopian higher educational institutes and experience share through study four. This sector will train 300 faculty for M.Tech/M.A and PhD in engineering and Business and Economics. The training could be at home and/or abroad using programs like residence, sandwich course Video-conferencing and the like. It will study tour for the leadership at university and Ministry of Education levels. It will establish linkage among Indian and Ethiopian universities to share experience particularly to learn from the rich experience of Indian universities/institutes which serves as centers for excellence in certain disciplines.   Table-6 highlights the project on Ethiopia and the investment offer in it.

Table-6 Education Sector Construction Investment Opportunities in Africa


Project Description & Contact Details

Sector &
Total Value
(US $ million)

ETHIOPIA

Strengthening Ethiopian Higher Education through Partnership with Indian Higher Education Institutes.
Contact DetailsThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

90 US $ Million

Mozambique

Mozambique Science and Technology University
Contact Details– This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Education & Skill Development
10 US $ Million

National Biotech Centre
Contact Details– This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Education & Skill Development
9 US $ Million

Source: Project Opportunities, 2012. CII and EXIM Bank of India: 7-115.

Conclusion
The India Africa Forum Summit 2011 has focused upon regional integration and infrastructure development in different sector. The regional integration approach of India put a check on the proponents of declaring India as new-colonial power. India is working against the well known colonial ideology of Divide and Rule and rather supporting Pan-African approach of real union. India recognizes the infrastructure development that is prerequisite to the economic growth of the Africa continent. The EXIM Bank of India supports the infrastructure projects through the LoCs in Africa and propagating Africa’s Look East Policy under the banner of South-South cooperation. It strengthens India-Africa mutual needs and development to move with dignity in the open market and building world class infrastructure is the only way to strengthen the sustainable development.


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Reference
Background Note, 2012. Creating Possibilities, Delivering Values. 8th CII-EXIM Bank Conclave on India-Africa Project Partnership, 18-20 March 2012. New Delhi.
Issues for parliamentarians, 2012. Agenda for India’s Renewal- Reforms for all. CUTS International. Delhi.

About Authorsimg2
The author serves as Associate Professor, Department of African Studies, University of Delhi, India. He is the Chief Editor of Africaindia.org (http://www.africaindia.org) and Indian Journal of African Studies and traveled widely in East Asia, Europea, South America and Africa for research and teaching assignments. The author is active as member in the Africa Committee of Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), an executive member of Indo-Africa Chamber of Commerce in India (IACCI) and member in the Advisory Group of India-Africa of Indian Council of World Affairs. About 125 articles have been published in different journals and newspapers. He has actively contributed his opinions on India and Africa in the different international media channels of BBC, Aljazeera (English), ABC, Yomiuri Shinbun (Japan) and All India Radio.  Dr. Prahlad Kumar is the Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science, Moti Lal Nehru College, University of Delhi. He successfully finished his research from the Department of African Studies.
Mr. Rajnish Kler is the Assistant Professor in the Department of Commerce, Moti Lal Nehru College, University of Delhi. He has provided the Research Methodology training to the M.Phil scholars in the Department of African Studies.

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Last Updated on Monday, 25 November 2013 13:00